Most one-time presidents retire from the political scene, and their party voters are happy to see them leave. But Donald Trump continues to dominate the Republican Party a year and a half after he lost reelection.

Yesterday’s Republican Senate primary in Ohio confirmed Trump’s influence. JD Vance — the author of the 2016 book “Hillbilly Elegy” — won the nomination, taking 32 percent of the vote in a primary with four other leading candidates.

Vance trailed in the polls just a few weeks ago, waging an uneven campaign that suffered from his past negative comments about Trump. But after apologizing to them, Vance received Trump’s endorsement two and a half weeks ago. Vance rose quickly in the polls and will now face Representative Tim Ryan, a moderate Democrat, in the general election this fall.

“JD Vance’s victory shows that Donald Trump remains the dominant force in the Republican Party,” said Blake Hounshell, who writes The Times’ politics newsletter.

Second, with 24 percent of the vote, was Josh Mandel, a former state treasurer who has drifted to the far right since Trump’s election. Matt Dolan, a member of a wealthy Ohio family and the least pro-Trump candidate in the race, finished third with 23 percent.

Vance’s victory continues his own shift towards a Trumpian far-right nationalism. After Vance’s book was published six years ago, detailing his family’s struggles in rural southern Ohio, he became a conservative intellectual that liberals liked to quote. More recently, he has turned into a hard-core conspirator who claimed that President Biden was flooding Ohio with illegal drugs — a blatantly false claim.

(This Times essay by Christopher Caldwell imparts an unbiased explanation of Vance’s rise.)

The winner of the Vance-Ryan contest will replace Rob Portman, a fairly traditional Republican who has served in both the George W. Bush and George HW Bush administrations. In the upcoming campaign, Ryan will likely highlight Vance’s time as a Silicon Valley investor and celebrity author. (My colleague Jazmine Ulloa recently wrote about Ryan.)

Ohio is clearly just one state, and other primaries in the coming months will provide a more complete picture of Trump’s rule. More than two-thirds of Republican voters in Ohio yesterday did not support Vance, suggesting — as Blake Hounshell points out — that many Republicans desire to make their own decisions.

Yet Sarah Longwell, an anti-Trump Republican strategist, argues that approvals underestimate his influence. “He has remade the Republican Party in his image, and many Republican voters now crave his particular kind of combative politics,” Longwell writes in The Times. Even Republican candidates who have not supported Trump often mention him.

The rest of today’s newsletter looks at other results from last night and looks ahead to the upcoming primaries.

Indiana also chose nominees last night. More than a dozen incumbent Republican state legislators faced challenges from candidates who were even more conservative on issues like abortion and gun rights.

But late last night, more than 10 of those Republican incumbents had won their races, with just one loss. Jennifer-Ruth Green, an Air Force veteran who attacked her main Republican opponent as a “never Trump liberal,” won her primary for a US House district. Democrats have held the seat for nearly a century, but it could be competitive this fall.

Ohio and Indiana are both useful interlocutors for the Republican Party. Ohio used to be a national whistleblower, voting for the winner of the presidential race between 1964 and 2016, but has recently shifted to the right. Indiana, which has fewer large cities, has been Republican since the Civil War.

The Democratic Party’s progressive wing has racked up some high-profile congressional victories in recent years. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Ayanna Pressley, Cori Bush, Jamaal Bowman and Rashida Tlaib are all serving in the House today, fueling the political left.

But the left has now twice failed to win the Democratic nomination for a Cleveland house seat.

Nina Turner, a Bernie Sanders supporter and former state senator, won just 34 percent of the vote in her bid to overthrow Deputy Shontel Brown. Biden, as well as some House progressives, supported Brown.

It is the second consecutive primary in which Brown defeated Turner, after a special election last year. Then Brown won by just 6 percentage points.

The Democratic Party left wing will soon have another chance to win a high-profile election. In Pennsylvania’s May 17 Democratic primary for a Senate seat, John Fetterman — a tattooed Sanders supporter and current lieutenant governor — leads the polls over Representative Conor Lamb, a centrist. If Fetterman can win the general election, he would become one of the few Sanders-style Democrats to win a swingstate or House district.

The Primary season is about to get much busier, with at least two states holding elections every Tuesday between now and the end of June, with the exception of a hiatus the day after Memorial Day.

On the Republican side, the races will bring more tests of Trump’s influence, including:

The May 10 primaries in a congressional district in West Virginiawhere Trump has supported one candidate and the Republican governor another.

The May 17 primaries for Senate in North Carolina† Trump has endorsed Representative Ted Budd, and the other candidates include former state governor Pat McCrory.

The May 17 primaries for Pennsylvania Senatewhere Trump backs television star Mehmet Oz over David McCormick, a former hedge fund manager.

The races of May 24 for both governor and senator in Georgia, where Trump is trying to oust officials who refused to back his efforts to reverse his loss to Biden. Trump backs candidates who repeat his lies about voter fraud.

Life lived: Norman Y. Mineta, who was interned as a boy during World War II, later became Japan’s first US cabinet official, under Bill Clinton and George W. Bush. Mineta died at the age of 90.

Can the theatrical and engaging nature of reality television be translated into podcasts? That’s what “Being Trans,” a show that follows the lives of four transgender cast members in Los Angeles, tries.

Many podcasts use a documentary format, or are improvised and unscripted. But “Being Trans” hopes to immerse audiences in the lives of its subjects by recording in the field and forgoing hosts and outside narration. “You just hear that people exist,” said Stephanie Wittels Wachs, co-founder of the studio behind the show.

There are advantages to an audio-only show: Each episode costs less than a quarter of what a typical hour of reality TV does, and the format allows for flexibility. “We’re not dealing with light or makeup,” said Kasey Barrett, the podcast’s executive producer and a reality television veteran. “And we can do things on a much smaller scale, which improves intimacy.”

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