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Ferdinand Marcos Jr. runs for president 36 years after the Filipinos overthrew his father, Ferdinand E. Marcos, in a popular uprising.CreditCredit…Lauren Decicca/Getty Images

MANILA – Ferdinand Marcos Jr., the son and namesake of the deposed dictator, came closer to triumphing in the Philippines’ presidential election on Monday as early election data shared by the government gave him an impressive lead over Leni Robredo, his closest rival.

With 70.28 percent of the election results counted in a preliminary tally as of 10 p.m. Manila time, Mr. Marcos had 23 million votes, more than double the 10.9 million votes cast by Ms. Robredo, according to ABS-CBN News, a local broadcaster with access to the official election servers. Sara Duterte, daughter of President Rodrigo Duterte, who is running for vice president in support of Mr. Marcos, also led by a wide margin. She had 18.6 million votes, more than triple the number of her closest rival, Senator Francis Pangilinan, who had six million votes.

But by the time polls closed at 7 p.m., there were reports of alarming irregularities across the country: malfunctioning voting machines, insufficient backup machines, complaints that voters had been waived from registration lists and their ballots tampered with.

Mr Marcos’ lead was so strong that it seemed extremely unlikely that Ms Robredo would prevail. But in a speech to his supporters on Monday evening, with days of official voting ahead, he urged patience.

“It’s not over yet,” he said. “Let’s watch over our voices. And if I’m lucky, I hope for your infinite help and trust.”

The official count will begin at 1 p.m. local time on Tuesday and a winner is expected to be announced in the coming days. It remains to be seen whether Mr Marcos will claim victory before that process is completed.

Human rights activists, intellectuals and hundreds of thousands of young people had opposed Mr Marcos’s candidacy for president, fearing that democracy would deteriorate further under his rule. For many victims of the elder Mr Marcos’s brutal rule, his son’s victory amounts to the erasing of their own experiences, as his family for years shared their memory of the atrocities committed during the era of martial law, has distorted.

If Mr. Marcos wins the presidency, it would be an extraordinary comeback for a family ousted from office more than three decades ago. In 1986, millions of Filipinos, angry at the rights violations and corruption during the Marcos regime, poured onto the streets in mass protests known as the ‘People Power’ uprising, forcing the family to flee to Hawaii. . However, they returned after the death of the elder Mr Marcos in 1989.

Before the election, every poll had shown that Mr Marcos would win the presidency by the largest margin in three decades.

Mr Marcos, known by the nickname ‘Bongbong’ from his childhood, ran on a platform of unity and said he would ‘help Philippinos get back on their feet’. But many of his policy proposals remain meager, and he has accepted few media interviews. He appealed to a public that has become disillusioned with the country’s form of democracy and its inability to meet the basic needs of its citizens. Poverty is rife, inequality has increased and corruption continues to be rampant.

Mr. Marcos served as vice governor, governor and congressman in Ilocos Norte, the family stronghold, for much of the period between the late 1980s and 2010. That year, he entered the national political scene when he was elected senator.

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